Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurring seizures or fits and it is proven that many people with epilepsy experience more than one seizure and the person experiences symptoms of neurological problems as well. How to determine if a person has epilepsy? There are other medical conditions that trigger fits such as extremely low blood sugar and alcohol withdrawal, and a person who gets seizures from these conditions might not have epilepsy. Epilepsy diagnosis happens when a person experiences more than one type of seizure which does not emerge from any kind of medical condition.
A person with Epilepsy should take safety precautions to just feel safe and avoid any kind of danger. People with this condition can lead a normal life, provided you realize the risk involved in day to day life and take precautions to minimize risks. It is the seizures that puts the individual at risk of danger. During an epileptic seizure the affected person loses conscious and is unaware of surroundings. In such a case there is high chance of accidents and the person might even lose balance. What are the dangers caused from epileptic fits? It is head injuries, drowning, fracture, bruises, cuts and burns. There are also certain places that is extremely risky for an epileptic person to survive in, it is being in places of certain height, being in traffic, being in water and being in a place of electric and heat source.
Level of risk of having seizure:
It is important for an Epileptic person to study the level of risks caused from fits at various occasions. The risk of danger is higher for someone having experienced many episodes of tonic-clonic seizures and it is essential to know that there is a risk of experiencing (SUDEP) sudden unexpected death in epilepsy.
In whichever place and situation, it is imperative to be aware of feeling safe and avoiding risk of an epileptic attack that can pose danger.
Safety tips at home:
Ensure to be careful about unattached wires being connected to appliances that can result in sparks. Keep any kind of wires such as cable tidies and hardware at a distance from an appliance.
Protect yourself by using guards on radiators
Make sure that appliances used for cooking such as stoves and heaters are away from you at a good distance, so that it does not come in contact with you if knocked over by accident.
Use a hairdryer that switches off when you place it down
In order to avoid risk of friction burns use carpet that has a high wool content and not the one with a high synthetic content.
Install smoke detectors that alert other people if there is something burning particularly for those with memory problems.
Precautions to take while in the bathroom:
People with seizures need to take extra care during any bath activity, mainly because there is isolation from other caretakers. Follow these tips to stay safe
It is advised to have a shower and not a bath, because while showering the water moves away from the body.
It would be safe if there is someone near the door while having a bath.
Use signs on the door and not locks, because if there is a sign of any kind of danger, people can just barge into the bathroom.
Make sure the fittings are engineered in a manner that results in minimum damage to the head and other body parts.
Use a shower screen made of safety glass
If it is convenient try to sit down while showering, it makes minimum room for slippage.
Make sure the temperature controls work well to avoid any kind of shock.
While in the kitchen:
It is advised to use microwave than an electric or gas cooker
Stay at a good distance away from cooking utensils so that the equipment does not get knocked over and fall down.
It is advised to not carry hot items, if you are carrying heated items use a thick cloth
To be on the safe side use a toaster instead of grill to prevent burning and the fumes coming in contact with skin.
While pouring hot liquid use teapot pourer and kettle tippers to avoid any hot liquid coming in contact with skin.
While being in the bedroom:
Take precaution to not put your pillow close to radiator
Ensure to protect yourself by putting pillows on the edges of the bed to prevent falling
It is advised to choose a bed designed at a low height because of the reduced distance between the bed and floor.
Make sure to never leave any kind of sharp objects on or close to the bed.
Experts advise on using anti-suffocation pillows.
While in the garden:
Avoid being in close contact with bonfires and barbecues, make sure you are with someone while a bonfire or barbecue is being used.
It is advised to not have ponds or pools in the garden, if there are water bodies, make sure it is guarded with fences.
Make sure the ground on which you are walking is safe.
Precautions to take while going out:
A person with Epilepsy will feel anxious about going out, and there are many thoughts and emotions circulating in the mind. These are the common thought processes,
Will a seizure episode happen anytime?
I will get noticed during a seizure and what will people think?
Is my seizure going to keep me pre-occupied and interfere with my work?
An epileptic person can lead a normal life and venture out into the professional world, but it is important to bear these important tips in mind about being safe.
Carry a medical card stating the numbers to contact during emergency
Carry a first-aid kit
If you have any doubt contact your family doctor
Tips to minimize risk of injury caused from bruises, head injuries, cuts and fracture:
Ensure that the flooring is filled with soft materials such as rubber, cork, linoleum and carpets. This way when you fall the risk of injury is minimized.
Place a soft material on the floor of stairs and make sure stairs are bordered with railings and use safety glass on doors and windows.
A person with Epilepsy can explore their dreams and emerge successful, provided they follow and be aware of certain precautions to just feel safe.